Bone Grafting

Bone Grafting for Dental Implants

Bone grafting is a common oral procedure that may be required prior to the placement of dental implants. The process involves the use of bone graft material to stimulate the growth of natural bone tissues in the jaw. It is often used on patients who need dental implants, but do not have sufficient bone left in their jaw to support them.

Bone grafting is a minimally-invasive procedure that can be completed in a single office visit. The synthetic or sourced graft material is placed directly onto one’s existing bone and left to fuse with the natural bone tissues through a process known as osseointegration. Over the next few weeks, the body will recognize the implanted graft material as natural bone tissue and reabsorb with the patient’s living tissues.

Bone grafts can be comprised of a number of natural or synthetic materials that are sourced from one’s own bone tissue, the bone tissue of animals or other humans, or developed synthetically in a lab.

XENO Bone Graft or Bovine Bone Graft

XENO bone grafts are bone graft material sourced from a species other than a human. Animals, such as cows or horses, are often used as sources for bone grafts, since it is easier to extract a large amount of bone from these species.

Equine & Bovine Bone Grafts

Bone grafts may be sourced from large animals, such as cows or horses. There are several benefits to sourcing bone grafts from these animals, including the fact that their bone has the same complex, porous surface as human bone, which allows it to fuse successfully.

Block Bone Graft

When bovine or equine bone cannot be used, an autograft, or bone tissue harvested from the patient himself, may be used to build up the atrophied jawbone. This technique is used in a few common situations, including when a tooth is extracted or lost without a socket graft or dental implant placed immediately afterwards, when permanent teeth do not develop normally, or when extensive bone destruction occurs.

In these situations, the bone graft is placed in the form of a block. A small, 1 cm block of bone is removed from an area, such as the lower jaw or chin, then transferred to the area in need of bolstering. Two tiny screws are used to secure the graft in place, then it is overlaid with bovine bone and a collagen membrane and left to heal. It will take around four months for the graft to fuse to the jawbone before your dental implants can be placed.

If bone grafting is required for your dental implants, contact our office today to see what options are available to you.