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How to prevent and remove tartar(calculus, plaque) from teeth?

How to prevent and remove tartar(calculus, plaque) from teeth

Tartar, sometimes called calculus, is plaque that has hardened on your teeth. Tartar can also form at and underneath the gumline and can irritate gum tissues. Tartar gives plaque more surface area on which to grow and a much stickier surface to adhere, which can lead to more serious conditions, such as cavities and gum disease.

Not only can tartar threaten the health of your teeth and gums, it is also a cosmetic problem. Because tartar is more porous, it absorbs stains easily. So if you are a coffee or tea drinker, or if you smoke, it is especially important to prevent tartar buildup.

How Tartar Affects Oral Health

When tartar is allowed to build up on the teeth and along the gumline, serious oral health conditions can develop. Tartar provides a stickier and rough surface for plaque to adhere to. Since plaque can lead to conditions like gum disease and cavities, this is a serious concern.

Tartar can also pose cosmetic problems. Since tartar is porous, it can easily absorb stains. When you drink highly pigmented beverages, like tea or coffee, your tartar can darken.

Why is it important to prevent dental calculus buildup? 

The surface of tartar is rough and makes it difficult to remove plaque with a toothbrush and floss. Tartar is unsightly - it can be yellow or even brown as stains accumulate. In addition, since it attracts plaque and makes cleaning at home difficult, it can contribute to tooth decay, bad breath  and serious forms of gum disease.

How do I Know if I Have Tartar Buildup? 

Unlike plaque, which is a colorless film of bacteria, tartar is a mineral buildup that's fairly easy to see if above the gumline. The most common sign of tartar is a yellow or brown color to teeth or gums. The only way for sure to detect tartar — and to remove it — is to see your dentist.

How to remove tartar

Dental Tartar Cleaning Application

Dental Tartar Cleaning Application

During the application tartar and plaque are removed by applying vibration and removed from the tooth. It is a very easy method, painless and fast. The treatment is completed in one session. After cleaning, the teeth are polished after cleaning.

After the treatment, the patient can feel a sensitivity in the teeth, which is quite normal, the patient returns after a few days to his normal life.

Dental tartar cleaning is one of the most ethical treatments for the prevention of gum disease. Dental calculus training is one of the reasons for bad breath.

Bad breath is a problem that negatively affects the social life of the person.

This problem is immediately solved for patients who undergo Dental tartar cleaning, this process is very simple and inexpensive, you must undergo it constantly.

Redness may appear after treatment. It's because the tooth is covered with tartar and plaque for a long time. These rashes also return to normal over time. Depending on the patient’s condition, the application lasts 30 to 60 minutes.

Is Dental Tartar Cleaning Dangerous? 

Is Dental Tartar Cleaning Dangerous

Dental tartar cleaning is a useful method for dental health. If this treatment is not done, problems such as tooth loss, inflammation, gum disease and advanced gum recession may appear.

Pain or stagnation of the gums after cleaning the teeth: this is actually the appearance of voids after removal of plaque between the teeth and gums. The sensitivity after cleaning the teeth is high when the gums touch hot and cold after cleaning the tartar layer accumulated in the tooth.

Practicing good oral hygiene 

Practicing good oral hygiene 

A person should brush their teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Practicing good oral hygiene is the best way to remove plaque and tartar. It is recommended brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. Doctors also recommend flossing once a day.

Flossing first will remove pieces of food and plaque from between the teeth and hard-to-reach areas. After flossing, the toothbrush will remove plaque on the surface of the teeth.

To brush the teeth effectively, a person can:

  1. Start in the back of the mouth with the top molars.
  2. Use short, circular brush strokes.
  3. Brush the front and back surfaces of all the upper teeth.
  4. Repeat steps 1–3 on the bottom teeth.

People can achieve great results using manual toothbrushes. However, a 2014 systematic review found that electric toothbrushes, especially those with oscillating heads, are more effective at removing plaque and reducing gingivitis.

After flossing and brushing the teeth, rinse out the mouth with mouthwash. Many over-the-counter mouthwashes contain fluoride for extra protection against plaque.

People who have gingivitis may require a stronger type of mouthwash. A dentist or another healthcare provider can prescribe antiseptic mouthwashes that are more potent than those available over the counter.


Want white and clean teeth? For that, you must be diligent in caring for your dental health to be clean from plaque and tartar.

Tartar on teeth, also called dental calculus, must not be underestimated, because it can cause tooth decay and gum pain. Here are 6 natural ways to clean tartar and plaque off your teeth.

You certainly don’t know that guava fruit and leaves can actually be used to clean teeth from stubborn plaque deposits naturally. In fact, guava has been used since decades ago to relieve teeth and gum problems.

This fruit leaf is also often used to relieve toothaches, cure bleeding gums and eliminate bad breath. You do this by chewing the leaves.

White Vinegar

White vinegar has antibacterial properties that can stop plaque accumulation and help get rid of tartar. The content of acetic acid in white vinegar can launch the process of demineralization on the surface of the teeth. Therefore, a small dose is enough and can be used as a mouthwash.

The method is to mix two teaspoons of white vinegar, ½ teaspoon of salt, with half a glass of water stirring until blended. After that, use it to rinse twice a day to clean the mouth.

Sesame Seed 

Sesame seed can function as an effective tooth scrub. The seeds, known as sesame seeds, can get rid of plaque and tartar without damaging tooth enamel. Chew a handful of sesame seeds, then brush your teeth without using toothpaste, with seeds still stored in your mouth. After five minutes, gargle and remove the seeds cleanly from your mouth.

Orange Skin

Orange Skin

To get rid of tartar, you can rub orange peels on the surface of the teeth for about two minutes. Oranges contain citric acid which is often used as a whitening agent in toothpaste. This is one way you can apply at home to make your teeth look white and clean.

Aloe Vera 

Although it tastes bitter, aloe vera can whiten teeth naturally and effectively remove tartar. Mix one teaspoon of aloe vera gel, four teaspoons of glycerin, five tablespoons of baking soda, and one glass of water, and then brush your teeth with the mixture. Do this method for several days until the teeth look whiter and cleaner. For your information, avoid aloe vera if you have an allergy to tulips, onions, and garlic.

Brushing with baking soda 

Brushing with baking soda is a safe and effective way to remove plaque. Baking soda can remove plaque without damaging the enamel. Studies suggest that toothpaste that contains baking soda may be more effective at reducing the amount of plaque in the mouth than traditional toothpaste.

Baking soda also protects against demineralization, which is a chemical process that removes calcium from tooth enamel.

Carbohydrates from food can drastically lower the pH level in the mouth, creating an acidic environment that causes demineralization.

Scientists measure the acidity of a substance using the pH scale. The lower the pH, the more acidic the substance. The lower limit for enamel pH ranges between 5.1 and 5.5. When the pH drops below this range, demineralization begins to occur.

Baking soda reduces demineralization because it has a high pH, which can help balance the pH level inside the mouth and prevent enamel loss.

The mouth is home to a diverse ecosystem of bacteria, some of which are beneficial while others can be harmful. Streptococcus mutans, for example, is the bacteria primarily responsible for tooth decay. Baking soda also has antimicrobial properties that may prevent tooth decay.

Oil pulling with coconut oil 

Oil pulling is an easy way to remove bacteria from the mouth and improve oral health. Coconut oil is ideal for oil pulling because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Coconut oil also contains lauric acid, a fatty acid with antimicrobial properties.

A 2015 study involving 60 adolescents with gingivitis found that oil pulling with coconut oil resulted in a 50 percent decrease in dental plaque.

The study participants also experienced a significant decrease in gingivitis symptoms. The researchers believe this was due to the reduction in dental plaque.

To oil pull, a person should:

  1. Place 1 tablespoon of warm coconut oil in the mouth.
  2. Swish the coconut oil around the mouth for 5–10 minutes.
  3. Spit out the coconut oil into a trash can or a paper towel.

A person should avoid spitting the coconut oil into the sink, as it may clog the pipes.

Other effective oils for oil pulling include:

  • olive oil
  • almond oil
  • sesame oil

Prevention of tartar and plaque 

Prevention of tartar and plaque 

A person can prevent plaque and tartar building up by flossing. The best way to prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth is by flossing once a day and brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.

Regular dental checkups and professional cleanings can also help prevent and treat oral health problems.

Dentists examine the whole mouth, checking for signs of tooth decay and gum disease. They will also remove any plaque or tartar on the surface of the teeth and in difficult-to-reach places. Dentists can also treat the teeth with fluoride to help prevent tooth decay.

If a dentist notices any cavities or signs of gum inflammation, they will recommend ways to reduce symptoms and prevent further damage. They may prescribe medical mouthwash or suggest adjusting a person’s oral hygiene routine.

Dietary changes can also help prevent plaque and tartar buildup. Cutting back on sugar, starch, and acidic foods can reduce the risk of tooth decay.

To reduce the risk of plaque and tartar, a person should avoid:

  • cookies, cake, and candy
  • starchy or sugary foods that can stick to the teeth, such as bread, potato chips, and some dried fruits
  • soda and sports drinks
  • citrus juices

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